Aquaculture is the farming of freshwater and saltwater organisms.
The growth rate of worldwide aquaculture has been sustained and rapid, averaging about 8%per annum for over thirty years, while the take from wild fisheries has been essentially flat since the last decade.
Environmental impact concerns include waste handling, side-effects of antibiotics, competition between farmed and wild animals, and using other fish to feed more marketable carnivorous fish. However, researches and commercial feed improvements f for the past twenty years have downsized many of these.
Friend of the Sea Sustainable Aquaculture Criteria require:
- no impact on critical habitat (e.g.: mangroves, wetlands, etc)
- compliance with waste water parameters
- reduction of escapes and by-catches to a negligible level
- no use of harmful anti-foulants nor growth hormones
- compliance with Social Accountability
- gradual reduction of carbon footprint